Greek


Greek
The language of the NT writings was a development of classical (Attic) Greek, much as modern English has changed since the publication of AV in 1611. Greek had become a lingua franca through the civilized world in the 1st cent. and it was essential equipment for trade and communication. It was therefore the language used by the four evangelists, and by Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] and Philo. Even in Rome itself Greek was in general use, Latin being the language of the upper classes engaged in law and administration. Greek of this period is called koine, or common, Greek and some of those who spoke it adulterated it with idioms from their first language. In the gospels a few scraps of the original Aramaic which Jesus spoke have been preserved in a Greek form, and some NT concepts expressed in Greek have to be understood against this OT background (e.g. ‘righteousness’), though it is incorrect as a normal principle simply to explain Greek NT concepts in terms of the Hebrew OT.
Greek has seven vowels, since e and o can both be either short (as English ‘empty’ or long as in ‘me’), and this distinction should be represented in public reading of the NT as in Omega (Rev. 1:8). Normally a final -e in a proper noun (as in Phoebe, Rom. 16:1, or Eunic-e, 2 Tim. 1:5) is long.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Greek — may refer to anything related to Greece, including: *Greeks, the people of Greece *Greek language, or, more specifically, **Ancient Greek **Koine Greek **Medieval Greek **Modern Greek *Greek alphabetOtherGreek may also refer to, but not limited… …   Wikipedia

  • Greek — Greek, a. [AS. grec, L. Graecus, Gr. ?: cf. F. grec. Cf. {Grecian}.] Of or pertaining to Greece or the Greeks; Grecian. [1913 Webster] {Greek calends}. See under {Greek calends} in the vocabulary. {Greek Church} (Eccl. Hist.), the Eastern Church; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Greek — [grēk] n. [ME Greke < OE Grec < L Graecus < Gr Graikos, name orig. used by Illyrians for the Dorians in Epirus (< Grāi, Grāii < Grāes, native name of the people of Epirus); later applied by the people of Italy to all Hellenes] 1. a …   English World dictionary

  • Greek — Logo original de la série Titre original GRΣΣK Genre Comico dramatique Créateur(s) Patrick Sean Smith Production Patrick Sean Smith Acteurs principaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Greek — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda GRΣΣK Género Drama adolescente Creado por Patrick Sean Smith Reparto Spencer Grammer Jacob Zachar Jake McDorman Clark Duke Scott Michael Foster Paul James Amber Stevens …   Wikipedia Español

  • Greek — Greek, n. 1. A native, or one of the people, of Greece; a Grecian; also, the language of Greece. [1913 Webster] 2. A swindler; a knave; a cheat. [Slang] [1913 Webster] Without a confederate the . . . game of baccarat does not . . . offer many… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Greek — ► NOUN 1) a person from Greece. 2) the ancient or modern language of Greece. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Greece. ● beware (or fear) the Greeks bearing gifts Cf. ↑fear the Greeks bearing gifts ● …   English terms dictionary

  • greek to me — If you don t understand something, it s all Greek to you …   The small dictionary of idiomes

  • Greek — Greekdom, n. Greekish, adj. /greek/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Greece, the Greeks, or their language. 2. pertaining to the Greek Orthodox Church. 3. noting or pertaining to the alphabetical script derived from a Semitic form of writing and… …   Universalium

  • Greek — /grik/ (say greek) adjective 1. of or relating to Greece, the Greeks, or their language. 2. relating to the Greek Church. –noun 3. a native or inhabitant of Greece. 4. the language of the ancient Greeks and any of the languages which have… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Greek to me — That s Greek to me or It s (all) Greek to me is an idiom/dead metaphor in English, claiming that an expression is incomprehensible, either due to complexity or imprecision. The expression may be used with respect to verbal expressions with… …   Wikipedia